Smart cities are ecosystems that rely on accurate and available data. This data can currently be stolen & sold, tampered with, leaked, or lost. These cases show how PIPE’s data storage and transfers can improve data security. This is important because data that has been compromised is not only inconvenient, but it can also be dangerous.
PIPE is the first decentralized storage network able to scale to the level that supports smart cities. Its two main contributions are increased technical reliability and economic decentralization.
The technical reliability of a decentralized network like PIPE in terms of uptime is 100%, not 99.x%. When millions of people rely on it, even the smallest outage is significant. The data uploaded to PIPE is signed, so its authenticity can be verified. This is critical for things like device over-the-air updates or data input for AI-decision models. Finally, data can be encrypted using a variety of methods, including quantum-resistant schemes.
Economic decentralization is important because a smart city’s public network should be free of monopolization and vendor lock-in. Any company with a monopoly or lock-in can raise prices at will, which hurts the value of the network. In the event of bankruptcy, such proprietary systems are rendered obsolete because no other company can or will use them.
Smart buildings combine data from sensors, user devices, building installations, and external data sets into AI/ML models. Building intelligence includes 24/7 access control, efficient climate control, and buying and selling renewable energy.
- The top barriers to smart building adoption are cybersecurity, privacy, integrity, and availability of data
- Recent smart building projects are often driven by technology rather than the actual user or operator demand
- A smart building is one that doesn’t make its users look stupid
Decentralized data storage puts users in control of their own data and balances the interests of building owners and their inhabitants. Combined with data protection regulation, it incentives to build fairer models. Immutable and signed data also harden the data input for smart models, making them less vulnerable to hacking and damage to the property.
The grid of the future doesn’t simply send electricity from the power plant to the user. It will distribute energy from many small sources, like rooftop solar panels, to wherever it is needed.
- Hackers were behind an attack that cut power to 225,000 people in Ukraine
- The inverters of nearly a million solar panel installations world-wide have been highly vulnerable to cyber attacks
- A cyber attack on a large number of charging points at the same time could result in a national power failure
Smart grids will benefit from PIPE because most of the intelligence comes from software, which needs regular updates and secure data input. Over-the-air updates can be quickly and safely distributed over PIPE’s network, due to its decentralized design. This is an important part of cyber-physical security because a hacker being able to manipulate such updates can cause a blackout. Data input for decision models can be traced back to its source and its reliability can be vetted.
EVs are not just a clean mode of transportation. Electric vehicles can buy cheap renewables and sell it when prices are higher, earning money while parked.
- Smart mobility data collection raises security and privacy concerns
- Smart mobility engineering challenges include storing the volume of data created
- The ISO standard for electric-vehicle Plug-and-Charge faces security concerns
Decentralized data allows secure, private roaming. You can easily use any charge pole, without needing a stack of charge passes like in some countries. Instead, you give access to selected data and revoke it when you’re done, which greatly reduces privacy intrusions. The Charge Pole Operator (CPO) can then use this data to aggregate it into a large pool of connected EVs and better predict supply and demand.
Smart sensors are increasingly populating public spaces. They can monitor temperatures, pollution, traffic, and safety, making your life easier and providing policy input.
- Amazon’s Ring is the largest civilian surveillance network the US has ever seen
- What’s Wrong With Public Video Surveillance?
- Have you ever felt a creeping sensation that someone’s watching you?
Smart sensor data is very useful, but the downsides have to be balanced. Decentralized storage means smart services access your data and give you good advice, but you control access. It also enables paid decentralized AI models, which won’t require aggregating your data as a business model. This allows you to enjoy these innovations, without being tracked like it’s 1984.
Connecting smart cities
HUB makes managing thousands or millions of decentralized data channels easy. This way, smart cities benefit from the resilience of a decentralized network and the usability of a centralized platform.
HUB modules easily organize, validate, and exchange data flowing through PIPE. Every data channel on PIPE remains independent, and HUB only connects the channels that need to be connected. This way cities can becomes smart, without also becoming huge data lakes that leak information.
This management software is designed to avoid becoming a single point of failure. This provides users with the benefit of a safe and dependable service while allowing developers and product owners to focus on creating unique products.
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